Subject of a Sentence

English Grammar: Subject of a sentence

Subject of a Sentence

The subject of a sentence is the person, place, thing, or idea that is doing or being something.The subject is usually a noun because a noun is a person, place, thing, or idea. Although, sometimes the subject is a pronoun such as he,they, it, and so forth. You can find the subject of a sentence if you can find the verb.

For example: Veena ate the pie.
(Veena is the subject of the sentence. Lee is the subject of the main verb ate; i.e., Veena is doing the action.)

The subject of a sentence is one of the basic parts of a sentence. The other basic part is the predicate. The predicate tells us something about the subject (i.e., it tells us what action the subject is performing, or it describes the subject). Every sentence must have a verb, and every verb must have a subject.

Types of Subject:

Complete Subject: The complete subject of a sentence includes all the words that tell who or what the sentence is about.
Example: Everyone in my house is keeping a secret.

Simple Subject: The simple subject is the main word or words in the complete subject.
Example: Everyone in my house is keeping a secret.

Note: Sometimes the complete subject and the simple subject are the same.
Example: Marlon practiced and daydreamed for weeks before the game.

Compound Subject: A compound subject contains two or more subjects that have the same predicate. The simple subjects in a compound subject are usually joined by and or or.
Example: The craters and plains of the moon have had no human visitors for some time.

Subjects in Different Sentence Structures

The typical sentence structures are:

  1. The subject performs an action:
    My dog bit the postman.
  2. The subject is described:
    My dog is boisterous.
    (When the subject is being described, the verb (in this case, is) will be a linking verb.)
  3. The subject is identified:
    My dog is the one in the middle.
    (When the subject is being identified (which is just another way of being described), the verb will be a linking verb.)
  4. The subject has an action done to it:
    My dog was taken to the vet.
    (When the subject has an action done to it, the sentence is called a passive sentence.)

Note : Generally, but not always, the subject comes before the verb, as in all of the examples above. There are, however, exceptions, like this one:

For example: In a small house adjacent to our backyard lives a family with ten noisy children.

Lives is the action verb in this sentence, but it is not the house or the backyard that is doing the living. Instead, it is the family with ten noisy children. Family, then, is the subject of this sentence, even though it comes after the verb.


In this blog post we have provided definition,kinds and examples of  Subjects. Clear view can be can be attained how subjects can be used through examples.
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For more such posts, check the links here: Adverbs, Adjectives, English Preparation.

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