Analogy questions do have a logical relationship between a pair of words, sentences, concept etc that are given in the question. The only task that is to be done by the candidate is to pick out the most appropriate set out of the given options that define the same relationship as the one in the question. The analogy questions are included in the test in order to check the logical skills as well as the vocabulary of the appearing candidate.
Types of Analogy:
There are a few general types of questions for the analogy that may come or could be used by the candidates for improving the analogy of the verbal ability section of the paper.
Cause and effect – This analogy explains the natural effect of certain action i.e. cause – fight and hurt, fire and burn. The result is spontaneous to the cause.
Opposites meaning words are used to establish an analogy between them like Water: fire, Laughing: crying, Sky: Earth, Bravery: timidity etc.
Group analogies – objects when taken together form a particular group and so are called group analogies – soldier-army, tree-forest
The verb in Tenses – It is a simple analogy. Verbs in different tense forms are used and can well be recognized e.g. -turn and turned, sleep and slept etc.
Rhyming words – Words which rhyme in one or other way are used to establish analogy – e.g. knight and right, rough and tough, girls and guys etc.
Classification analogies – Objects can be classified into a group of objects or to different groups. Flash and lightening, Flash and body, knife in the kitchen to cut the vegetables, Knife as a weapon to create violence.
Related objects – This type of question is related to the analogy words related to one another e.g. driver and car, doctor & patient, writer & book.
Analogy related to function – The words are related on the basis of function they do e.g. Cap: Head::gloves: hands
Efforts to result – When you put efforts for something, you hope to achieve the result e.g. read and newspaper, write and book, paint and painting.
Problem and solution – solutions are given with the problems and they are obvious e.g. dirty-cleaning, tired-rest etc.
Three-Step Bridge Method for Solving Analogies
Step 1: Build a strong bridge (relationship) sentence relating the words in the question pair. The bridge should be as short and clear as possible.
Step 2: Use this bridge with each answer choice, inserting them in place of the words in the question pair.
Step 3: The answer will be the sentence which is the most logical. If after completing steps 1 and 2, you still have not found the answer pair that works, it may be necessary to adjust the bridge sentence.
Here, we have discussed the concept of Analogies which fall under Logical Reasoning. The basics, Types and how to solve these Analogies are explained in a simple step by step way.
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